TRIPATH



Tripath is useful, customizable and user friendly database of biological and genomic resources of three economically important fungal pathogen of wheat, developed by Bioinformatics SUB-DIC, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering (CBSH), G.B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar.

Wheat
Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a cereal grain, originally from the Levant region of the Near East and Ethiopian Highlands, but now cultivated worldwide. In 2010, world production of wheat was 651 million tons, making it the third most-produced cereal after maize (844 million tons) and rice (672 million tons). Wheat was the second most-produced cereal in 2009; world production in that year was 682 million tons. In India, the maximum acreage and production of wheat is Uttar Pradesh, Punjab gives the highest average yield per hectare (2715 kg) followed by Delhi (2685 kg).
Wheat is the most important source of carbohydrate in a majority of countries. Wheat protein is easily digested by nearly 99% of human population. Wheat also contains a diversity of minerals, vitamins and fats (lipids). With a small amount of animal or legume protein added, a wheat-based meal is highly nutritious.

Distribution
Wheat is grown in temperate climates around the world. The main wheat producing countries are The United States, Canada, China, Russia, France, Germany, Ukraine and Australia. In India, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Gujarat, Bihar, Maharashtra, Uttaranchal and West Bengal are top ten states of wheat production.

Importance
Wheat grain is a staple food used to make flour for leavened, flat and steamed breads, biscuits, cookies, cakes, breakfast cereal, pasta, noodles, couscous and for fermentation to make beer, other alcoholic beverages. Wheat straw is often used as a fodder for livestock, while it is sometimes used for thatched roofs.